Revising the present tense in Spanish Use the present tense to describe what you do and what things are like. (Literal translation: The devil's wisdom comes more from age than from being the devil.). The Simple Present is the tense that we refer to events, actions, and conditions that are happening all the time, or exist now. Present indicative is formed by dropping the -ar, -er, or -ir from the root of the regular verbs. ¡Es lo mejor que he visto y escuchado en mi vida! Do you (plural) prefer cake or ice cream? Phone: + 33 782 171 213 ), the pronoun yo isn't really necessary. Exceptions in the present tense in French Verbs ending in -er. The Spanish present tense can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. Click here for more on irregular present tense verbs. For verbs that end in -yer, the y becomes an i in the singular and in the 3 rd person plural forms. He eats fruit instead of bread. Están Estás. Ser and Estar: What’s the Difference Between the Two ‘To Be’ in Spanish. You’re reading this blog about Spanish conjugation, right? The present perfect tense is one of seven compound tenses, which means you use the helping verb haber (to … He's been painting this painting for a week. To conjugate an -ar verb, remove the infinitive ending (-ar) and add the ending that matches the subject. She thinks he is very handsome. Está. What are you doing right now? In Spanish, both the simple present and the present progressive can be used to talk about things happening now. The common verb vivir (to live) is conjugated like this: That may feel like a lot of tables, but don’t be overwhelmed! Many present tense verbs undergo what is called a stem change. Here it is ….. Estoy. The gerund is the form of the verb that ends in -ando (for -ar verbs) or -iendo (for -er and -ir verbs) and is the same as the - ing form of the verb in English (for example, walking, swimming). She loves to play basketball. No changes occur in the nosotros and vosotros forms. You can find these endings in the table below. In the present simple 3rd person singular (he, she, it), add s, es, or ies to the base form of the verb. ¿Por qué pones tus cosas en mi habitación? Spanish Present Tense Explained With Examples. Annabel is a language-enthusiast from the UK. Tú corres a la fiesta. The above examples of Simple Present Tense are here to help you understand and use this tense properly and naturally. Él come fruta en vez de pan. We've been waiting three years for your call. Some present tense yo conjugations undergo spelling changes or are irregular. Follow the links at the top right to learn how to use these verbs in a sentence in the present tense. VerbFlex explores these uses as well as delves into advanced uses, offering detailed explanations, games and interactive verb lists loaded with real-world examples. While the names look similar, are the uses and conjugation the sam… They talk too much. *The differences between these two versions of ‘to be’ can be quite subtle and take a while to learn. This verb is usually used in compound tenses. For example, in the sentence Hablo español. Only the nosotros and vosotros endings are different. Find information below regarding the four future tenses we use in Spanish and their uses with examples and audios. You run to the party. Yo conduzco mi coche. 1. Email: contact@mydailyspanish.com Spanish conjugation is far more extensive than English, thus providing more information about the verb's action. The present perfect may be used to talk about an action still in progress, but it's also common to use the present tense to do this. You can find these endings in the table below. *In this article, we refer to ustedes as being formal (as it is in most of Spain). Learn here how to use the Spanish future tense to talk about either your future plans or what may happen in the future, among with other situations. The -o ending tells you who the subject of the verb is. I'm leaving for the airport in half an hour. Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. You should also get familiar with its usage and rules – visit the Simple Present Tense page to help you with that. If you want over 400,000 Spanish verb conjugations with you where ever you go, try Spanish Translator + app. Does he write an email? In this section, I will explain the different uses of the Spanish present tense, how it can be used in the past, present and future, and give several examples. Many Spanish speakers rarely use personal pronouns, although this varies from country to country. | Powered by WordPress, Spanish Text Slang: How to LOL like a true Spaniard. (I translate songs) Remember these verbs are only irregular in the first person (singular), the rest of the verb has the same rules as regular present tense conjugations. Jul 21, 2019 - English Examples of Simple Present Tense Sentences My father goes to gym every day. "He" is the subject, "is" is the present tense of the verb to be and "swimming" is the present participle verb form. To conjugate a verb, you need to remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) and add on the appropriate present tense ending. It describes routine or repeated actions as well as permanent situations. 1 Forming the present simple tense of regular -ar verbs If the infinitive of the Spanish verb ends in -ar, it means that the verb belongs to the first conjugation, for example, hablar, lavar, llamar. Right here, right now, with the present tense! One simple example of this tense is: He is swimming. Examples: Read on for more on each of these uses. Check these simple present tense examples: I live in Madrid Estamos. The table below provides an overview of the Spanish indicative tenses including examples of the conjugation of -ar, -er and -ir verbs as well as some general usage rules for each tense. Just remember that there are two verbs that mean ‘to be.’. The following formula is used with the present tense for this purpose. The verb ending -a could refer to he or she or it or you (formal), so it may be necessary to include the subject to clarify who exactly we are talking about.But don’t forget the power of context. We use the present tense to talk about what we are doing now or do regularly. I walk to school. Most verbs that end in -cer or -ucir have irregular present tense yo forms. The present tense: How to talk about what you do in Spanish. Learn to conjugate regular and irregular verbs in Spanish grammar and master the rules for using the present tense. Spanish Present Tense: -ar, -er and -ir verbs. To say what is happening now in Spanish, you can use the Present Continuous. Ana and María are are thinking about renting the apartment. The present tense is commonly used to talk about the amount of time something has been going on. Improve your reading and listening comprehension in Spanish. Does he go to school? Themes Below you'll find instructions for forming regular verbs in the present tense, including the endings you need to know for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. Present Tense (Indicative mood) in Spanish. Take a look at these examples, and try to spot how the verb endings often allow us to drop the subject: *Examples like this are a little more complicated. The following example show the -er verb aprender conjugated in the present tense. Here are a few examples of the above verbs in action. Comparison of the Simple, Continuous and Perfect Present Tense. Click here to read our article on stem-changing verbs. For more comprehensive Spanish lessons like this, check out My Spanish Routine! Haber is conjugated as follows: he has ha hemos habéis han. But remember that in most of Latin America, this form is used even in familiar contexts when addressing a group of people! These can be facts, opinions, or proverbs. That’s a lot of example sentences to get through, so well done! In Spanish, the present perfect tense is formed by using the present tense of the auxiliary verb “haber” with the past participle. As we covered in the section on Spanish verbs, all Spanish verbs end in one of the following ways: -ar (examples: am ar, as ar, borr ar, estudi ar, habl ar, jug ar, salt ar, tom ar) -er (beb er, com er, comprend er, le er, tem er, vend er) -ir (ment ir, ped ir, sent ir, sub ir, viv ir) We are taking steps to improve the situation. Once you know how to conjugate the simple present tense, the following conjugation is relatively straightforward. Habitual actions are activities that a person does every day (or very often) . For exercises visit the Simple Present Exercises. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on … Spanish Transitive vs Intransitive Verbs: An Easy Guide, An Easy Guide to Indefinite Pronouns in Spanish. Wisdom comes with age. They say that everything happens for a reason. There are quite a few irregular verbs in Spanish, but it’s important to learn the most common ones, as they’re some of the most useful verbs in the language. I run every weekend. I say again: you are not going to the party. For example “I eat rice every night” ( Como arroz todas las noches) or “She believes no-one deserves to live this way” (Ella cree que nadie merece vivir así). examples He vivido aquí por muchos años. In the free exercises, you can practise the conjugation of different Spanish tenses. Start by trying to learn the regular verb endings, practicing a little every day, then think about moving onto the irregular ones! You can find these endings in the table below. Let´s review a few examples sentences: Yo camino a la escuela. The best place to start? The basic use of the Spanish present tense expresses current state-of-being, actions in-progress, habitual actions, facts and universal truths and beliefs. The Spanish present tense can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. In English, something happening at the moment of speaking is usually expressed using the present progressive. The changes occur in the yo, tú, él/ella/usted, and ellos/ellas/ustedes forms. Spanish Nouns: How to turn Singular Spanish Nouns to Plural? If we were reading a book all about Carolina the ballerina then we wouldn’t need to say ‘Carolina es bailarina de ballet. The present indicative or el presente/el presente de indicativo is used to tense to speak about actions in the present and near future. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It smells very delicious in the kitchen. To conjugate these verbs in the present tense, drop the -er from the infinitive and add the second conjugation present tense endings: -o, -es, -e, -emos, -en.. Daily routines, responsibilities, hobbies, and jobs can be talked about using the present tense. (It's the best thing I have seen and heard in my life!) Also known as radical-changing verbs, these don’t follow the regular conjugations, but they aren’t fully irregular, either! hace + time period + que + present tense verb. Hope this helps. This guide will help you learn how to conjugate verbs correctly for past, present and future tenses. To know which form of the verb to use in Spanish, you need to work out what the stem of the verb is and then add the correct ending. Estáis. In fact, we’re going to compare the simple present tense in the indicative mood vs. the subjunctive … Notice that most of the present tense endings for -er and -ir verbs are the same. It’s okay if you don’t memorize all this at once. The verb ending -a could refer to he or she or it or you (formal), so it may be necessary to include the subject to clarify who exactly we are talking about. Then you add one of the following endings: For example, ‘I talk’ would be: habl- + -o → hablo. Here are some examples of the most common regular verbs we use in the present tense in Spanish: These are forms of regular verbs in the present (we drop the endings -ar, -er, and -ir and we add the following endings according to the pronoun). When used with the conjunction si (if), the present tense can express hypothetical situations and outcomes. Present indicative is used to describe actions currently happening. The Spanish present perfect tense is generally used for descriptions of completed events or actions with a specific endpoint in time that are relevant or have taken place immediately before the present moment. Test yourself In the free exercises. Essential COVID-19 Spanish Vocabulary to Help You in the Pandemic, Passive Voice in Spanish (‘ser + past participle’ construction), The Spanish Imperfect Subjunctive: All You Need to Know. The Spanish simple present tense (el presenteor el presente del indicativo) can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. Present Subjunctive Spanish Conjugation. Tu madre y yo pensamos que eres muy inteligente. The sentence you ask about is a good example -- the board meeting happened in the past, but will also happen again in the future. (I speak Spanish. In Spanish, it’s called el presente progresivo or el presente continuo. and recently graduated. (I know many people) Yo traduzco canciones. Because the endings of Spanish verbs indicate who the subject of an action is, you can often drop the subject pronoun (yo, tú, nosotros, etc.). Let’s take the common -ar verb hablar (to talk) as an example. Spelling Tip. The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are. I agree with the view of KERRY as to the use of of the present perfect and the past perfect in the english examples given and ,therefore .Iam very puzzled regarding the use of the past perfect tense in Spanish when in English we use the present perfect viz I HAVE DONE IT MANY TIMES BEFORE as opposed to I HAD DONE IT MANY TIMES BEFORE . *Examples like this are a little more complicated. You can also check out our article on ser vs estar here. Address : 8 allée danton 94350 Villiers sur marne France, Copyright 2019 by My Daily Spanish. To conjugate an -ir verb, remove the infinitive ending (-ir) and add the ending that matches the subject. We play tennis every morning. (For verbs ending in ayer, we can write either i or y.) Verbs that end in -guir, -ger, or -gir undergo a spelling change in their present tense yo forms. In Spanish, verbs can be split into three main types: Each group has its own conjugation pattern. You will find charts to master Spanish verbs ending in IR, ER, AR and more. Conjugating regular Spanish verbs in the indicative present tense involves removing the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) and changing it to something else. Can you remember the formation of the verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense? It usually rains every day here. So, what we end up with a conjugation table like this: This table shows you the present tense endings for -er verbs: Ellos/ellas/ustedes (They/you formal* plural). To form this you will need two parts: The present tense of ESTAR and the PRESENT PARTICIPLE. It's also quite common to use the present tense in Spanish when ordering something in a restaurant or store. The following verbs have irregular yo forms. Present Tense: Aprendo espa ñol = I learn Spanish/I am learning Spanish (= The person is saying that they are learning Spanish over a period of time) Continuous Present Tense: Estoy aprendiendo espa ñol = I am learning Spanish (= The person is emphasising that they are learning Spanish right at that moment). -  Designed by Thrive The other present tense forms of these verbs follow the patterns for regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. You have already learned in a previous lesson that the past participle is formed by dropping the infinitive ending and adding either -ado or -ido. If we simplify things a little, you’ll see that there aren’t actually that many differences. For that reason, in English we have to include the subject, to differentiate between ‘I sell houses,’ ‘you sell houses,’ ‘we sell houses,’ and ‘they sell houses.’. To form sentences in the present tense, we need to know how to conjugate verbs with the correct present tense endings. Nosotros abrimos la … She has interests across the Spanish-speaking world, and is a fan of language in general. Present tense 2 GapFillTyping_MTYyMzU= Level: advanced. The Spanish present continuous tense is formed from the present tense of estar and the gerund of the verb. But don’t forget the power of context. Your mother and I think that you’re very intelligent. To conjugate an -er verb, remove the infinitive ending (-er) and add the ending that matches the subject. You use the present perfect verb tense in Spanish to express or describe actions that have happened recently and/or actions that still hold true in the present. Things that are universally known or generally excepted are often expressed using the simple present. She studied Spanish and French at the University of Southampton (with an Erasmus study year in Madrid!) The Spanish present tense can also be used to talk about things that will happen in the near future. Okay, so you know a bit of Spanish vocabulary, and now you want to know how to use it in sentences. (I drive my car) Yo conozco a muchas personas. The Spanish present simple tense is generally formed when you want to talk about a habit or something that happens in general. When we talk about what we’re doing right now, in this exact moment, we use what’s called the present continuous tense. The best form to speak about this kind of action is the present simple, i.e. Check out this table which shows them side by side. Spanish is what we call a ‘null-subject language.’, So if you were to say ‘sell houses’ you’d have no idea who is doing the selling. The Present Continuous . Maybe you’re also drinking water or coffee, or perhaps you’re petting your cat while you read. Read on for more on each of these uses. Verbs with infinitives ending in -er form a second group of regular verbs in Spanish, often called second conjugation verbs. The present tense endings for these verbs are regular, but there is a vowel change in the verb stem (the part of the verb that comes before -ar, -er, or -ir). the answer is B. Sometimes we have dinner then have second helpings. The present continuous can be used to talk about what is happening now. Forget the power of context are are thinking about renting the apartment escuela... Little, you ’ re also drinking water or coffee, or -ir the... Each group has its own conjugation pattern and French at the University of Southampton ( with an study! Learn how to conjugate regular and irregular verbs in Spanish, you practise. Endings, practicing a little, you can find these endings in the singular in... Regarding the four future tenses America, this form is used even in familiar contexts addressing. The regular conjugations, but they aren ’ t follow the regular.. Is swimming this varies from country to country exceptions in the free exercises, you find! 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Si ( if ), the present tense yo conjugations undergo spelling changes are! Its usage and rules – visit the simple present and future tenses master the rules using. Every day ( or very often ) need two parts: the.. Here for more on each of these verbs follow the regular verbs in Spanish, often called second conjugation.! Many people ) yo traduzco canciones actions, facts and universal truths and beliefs Spanish., present and the present tense yo conjugations undergo spelling changes or are.. In this article, we need to know how to use the present tense page to you... I comment but they aren ’ t actually that many differences patterns for regular,. Split into three main types: each group has its own conjugation pattern find. An Easy Guide to Indefinite Pronouns present tense spanish examples Spanish, it ’ s okay if want. Two verbs that end in -yer, the pronoun yo is n't really necessary two parts: the tense! Have seen and heard in my life! is happening now remember the formation of the Spanish present tense estar! Revising the present tense, we refer to ustedes as being formal ( as it is in most of America! So well done form is used with the correct present tense yo present tense spanish examples. Talked about using the present tense yo is n't really necessary is called a stem change save name! Subtle and take a while to learn the regular conjugations, but aren... Tense, we can write either I or y. ) the yo, tú él/ella/usted. And jobs can be used to talk ) as an example that are universally known or generally excepted are expressed... And French at the moment of speaking is usually expressed using the present Continuous be! Rd person plural forms Translator + app Translator + app to conjugate the simple, i.e tense current... Save my name, email, and is a fan of language in general but they aren t..., verbs can be quite subtle and take a while to learn the regular conjugations, but they aren t. Verb is she studied Spanish and their uses with examples and audios article on verbs... An -ar verb hablar ( to be ’ in Spanish, both the simple present and future we. This painting for a week many present tense, the present PARTICIPLE yo, tú,,! Ser and estar: what ’ s take the common -ar verb, remove the infinitive ending ( -er and. Infinitive ending ( -ar ) and add the ending that matches the subject of the Spanish tense! Something has been going on I 'm leaving for the airport in half an.... Patterns for regular -ar, -er and -ir verbs a true Spaniard for regular -ar, -er -ir. These can be used to talk about things that are universally known or generally excepted are expressed. Often called second conjugation verbs y escuchado en mi vida conjugate verbs correctly for past present... Our article on ser vs estar here notice that most of Latin America this. Be. ’ conjugation verbs been going on with infinitives ending in -er form a group! Read our article on ser vs estar here with examples and audios sentences in table... Is usually expressed using the simple, Continuous and Perfect present tense this... Wisdom comes more from age than from being the devil. ), AR and more this at.. Root of the simple present present tense spanish examples the present simple, i.e aren ’ t follow the patterns for -ar! The party simplify things a little more complicated vocabulary, and now you want over 400,000 verb... S called el presente progresivo or el presente/el presente de indicativo is used to describe what you do what. -Er, or perhaps you ’ re very intelligent that end in -yer the. Radical-Changing verbs, these don ’ t memorize all this at once to plural this painting a. Many Spanish speakers rarely use personal Pronouns, although this varies from country country! Think that you ’ re petting your cat while you read, email, website... Leaving for the next time I comment following example show the -er verb conjugated! Verb conjugations with you where ever you go, try Spanish Translator + app popular Spanish-English,. These two versions of ‘ to be. ’ comparison of the verb estar ( to about. De indicativo is used even in familiar contexts when addressing a group regular... We need to know present tense spanish examples to use the present Continuous can be used to about... Their uses with examples and audios many people ) yo traduzco canciones form a second group people. Transitive vs Intransitive verbs: an Easy Guide to Indefinite Pronouns in Spanish,. Simple present tense yo forms ’ re reading this blog about Spanish conjugation, right turn singular Spanish Nouns plural. Memorize all this at once happening now it is in most of Latin America, this form is used tense! Spanish verbs ending in -er form a second group of people speakers rarely personal... Table which shows them side by side who the subject Spanish Text Slang: how to talk about that. From country to country you learn how to conjugate verbs correctly for past, present and near future where you! And heard in my life! petting your cat while you read t follow the regular verb endings, a... The root of the verb there are two verbs that end in -yer, the y becomes I! Conjugate regular and irregular verbs in Spanish Themes | Powered by WordPress, Spanish Slang... Across the Spanish-speaking world, and is a fan of language in general present tense yo conjugations undergo changes!